Answered By: Ron Wirtz
Last Updated: Feb 18, 2016     Views: 580

There are a number of articles about Zophobas morio (also called Z. morio or Superworm ). Most of the following are linked from our databases. You will have to use your EASI login and password. UNK librarians have collected additional articles, so if you need more, please use the e-mail link or ask at the Library Reference Desk.

Dong Leung, Depo Yang, Zhuoxue Li, Zhimin Zhao, Jianping Chen, and Longping Zhu. Biodiesel from Zophobas morio Larva Oil: Process Optimization and FAME Characterization Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (2012), 51 (2), 1036-1040.

Oonincx, D. B., & De Boer, I. M. (2012). Environmental Impact of the Production of Mealworms as a Protein Source for Humans - A Life Cycle Assessment. Plos ONE, 7(12), 1-5. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051145

Jabir, M., Razak, S. A., & Vikineswary, S. (2012). Nutritive potential and utilization of super worm (zophobas morio) meal in the diet of nile tilapia (oreochromis niloticus) juvenile. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(24), 6592-6598. doi:

Invertebrate Pets and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Author(s): Michael C. Thomas
Source: The Florida Entomologist, Vol. 78, No. 1 (Mar., 1995), pp. 39-44. Published by: Florida Entomological Society
Stable URL:
(Discusses Z. morio as a potential agricultural pest).

Jiang, Y., Zhang, Y., Ma, L., Wang, H., Hu, L., & Han, J. (2012). Identification of alive female and male adult of zophobas morio (coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 48(6), 175-177. Retrieved from

Yi, L., Lakemond, C. M., Sagis, L. M., Eisner-Schadler, V., van Huis, A., & van Boekel, M. A. (2013). Extraction and characterisation of protein fractions from five insect species. Food Chemistry, 1413341-3348. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.05.115.  Retrieved from

Renström, A., Olsson, M., Hedrén, M., Johansson, S. G. O. and van Hage, M. (2011), Pet shop workers: exposure, sensitization, and work-related symptoms. Allergy, 66: 1081–1087. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02591.x
(Order through Interlibrary loan - UNK does not have this journal).

Some research has been done in China on the ability of Z. morio as a food source for animals or humans, and on the ability of Z. morio to consumer various types of plastics as a food source. Unfortunately, most of this is available only in Chinese.

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